to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Rhizomes present, elongated. Following 10 years of experimenting under test and development, Wintergreen was released in 1983. Also present on Lord … of hairs, a ciliolate membrane or a ciliate membrane, 0.2–0.3 mm long. Northern Tablelands, Central Tablelands, Southern Tablelands, North-Western Distribution: Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Norfolk I, Lord Howe, Christmas Is, Cocos While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Flower colour; life form. C. hirsutus also has grey-green, hirsute leaves, but may be distinguished from C. dactylon Flowerheads are digitate, consisting of 3-7 thin, usually dark-coloured branches (2-6 cm long). Cynodon dactylon. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. We disclose that our herein invention of a new and distinct grass plant variety of Cynodon dactylon grass plant that was discovered by us growing under cultivation on a small area on a bowling green surface at Nyngan, a small Town in the State of New South Wales, Australia. Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical). Habit. Woo]ls (1867) in a paper on the botany of the Parramatta district wrote that Cynodon Fig. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Published on the internet. grama-seda. South Australia: North-western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine. pulchellus appears to be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var. You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. WildNet taxon ID 15486 Alternate name(s) Bermuda grass couch grass green couch couch Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Copyright © 2016. The flower has 2 - 6 slender spikes, 2-5cm long and 1-1.5mm wide with a green to purplish colouring. Fortescue, Carnarvon, Austin. of South Australia (348), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley & motie molulu. Common name: Couch-grass, Bermuda grass. pulchellus Spikelets sessile. C. hirsutus also has Key references dactylon ) has been listed as a significant environmental weed at one time or another in New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory, Western Australia and Queensland. 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. Cynodon dactylon, disebut juga rumput bermuda, rumput Bahama, doab, dubo, dhoob, adalah rumput yang tumbuh di belahan bumi Timur. D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, 4th edn (192). Grass, usually prostrate to 30 cm tall. of the South West (409), [2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses Couch grass; Bermuda grass. Continental Glumes shorter than the single floret. (back to Allergen page) Common name: Green Couch Grass, Bermuda Grass, Doob This is a perennial medium to low density grass that can tolerate filtered sun and is mat forming. Two varieties are recognised in Victoria primarily based on the number of radiating spikes. cultivated as a lawn grass, especially in the tropics, and as a pasture grass Type of Basionym or Two varieties are recognised in Victoria primarily based on the number of radiating spikes. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Pl. Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution CC BY Licence. Pl. Notes: Cynodon dactylon var. Basionym and/or Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. Bermudagrass. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Bermuda Grass) Jump to navigation Jump to search. Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South-eastern. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Keeling Is, Ashmore Reef, Coral Sea Is. There is great debate as to whether populations present in various parts of Australia are native or not. Generally tolerant of low soil pH and high salt concentration, however is susceptible to … with wings and shorter cilia, and the lack of a rachilla prolongation. Also present on Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, the Cocos Islands and the Coral Sea Islands (where it is regarded as being native or a very early introduction). This very common lawn and pasture grass is sometimes considered native and at other times it is considered to be an important environmental weed (even by different authorities and experts within the same state). pulchellus Benth. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Grasses of Australia, [2002] J.Wheeler, N.Marchant & M.Lewington, Flora 1 Gramineae (215, Pl. Basin, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke To date, Cynodon taxonomy … Regional: Australia. Bermuda Grass. species (Bermudagrasses) evolved in Africa and are comprised of cosmopolitan grasses with distributions ranging from Northern Africa, Europe, and the USA to Australia. Cynodon dactylon is a long-lived ( perennial ) grass, forming thick mats by means of stolons and rhizomes (horizontal, root-like stem usually found underground) (Gibbs Russell et al. Pl. chiendent pied-de-poule. Extensively Cynodon dactylon* (L.) Pers. Cynodon dactylon var. Family. unranked: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis. & Subtropical Old World to Australia. Perennial. Fertile lemma 1.8–3 mm long, keeled, wingless, 3 -nerved. appears to be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var. If closely mow Wintergreen was selected for its vigorous growth, dark green olive colour and colour retention compared to other Cynodon dactylon (green couch) varieties in Australia at the time. var. Gramineae (South Australia)Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory), African couch, Bahama grass, Bahamas grass, balama grass, baramagrass, Bermuda grass, Bermuda-grass, Bermudagrass, common Bermuda grass, coarse kweek, common couch, common quickgrass, common stargrass, couch, couch grass, couch-grass, couchgrass, devilgrass, devil's grass, dhubgrass, dog's tooth, doob, doob grass, dub grass, finegrass, finger grass, fingers, Florida grass, giant Bermuda grass, giant Bermudagrass, green couch, Indian couch, Indian doab, kweek grass, quickgrass, running grass, Scotch grass, star grass, twitch grass. Stolons present. 58 (1753). Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). long. Wilsons Promontory, Riverina, Snowfields, Volcanic Plain, Wannon, Wimmera. East Gippsland, Eastern Highlands, Gippsland Highlands, Gippsland Plain, Numerous cultivars Adapted to survive extended dry periods and flooding due to a deep root system. The majority of current opinion is that at least some forms of green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Cynodon dactylon is wind-pollinated, and generally self-incompatible, suffering from inbreeding depression when genotypes are self-pollinated. Cynodon dactylon was collected in Australia by Robert Brown during the period 1802-1805 (Brown 1810)..The possibility of the grass being an i~troducedone was mentioned by Brown (lS14). Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Latin name. dactylon is generally recognised as native to Australia. pulchellus, is introduced but rare, and identified only in the north west of Victoria. pulchellus, Spikes more than 3 cm One variety, Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon. Leaves There are seven varieties, two occur in Australia, of which the rarer is To add to the confusion it is thought that exotic cultivars of this species, which have been introduced more recently, have also become naturalised. Persoon, C.H. In Bermuda it has been known as crab grass (also a name for Digitaria sanguinalis). It grows in open areas where there are frequent disturbances such as grazing, flooding, and fire. Cynodonteae. Accessed: 2015 Apr. In certain situations, green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. (books and floras): [1810]. Culms geniculately Note: Another variety of this species, known as Cynondon dactylon var. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. dactylon Kingdom: Plantae. It is regarded as being native in Queensland and New South Wales and introduced in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. pulchellus by its frequently three-nerved upper glume, lemma keels In Western Australia it is thought to be native to the Kimberley region (in the north of the state) and introduced to the southern parts of the state. long with spikelets 2.5–3 mm long                    C. dactylon var. Synonymy: Panicum dactylon L., Sp. Inflorescence digitate, with spicate branches. [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia pulchellus, is introduced but rare, and identified only in the north west of Victoria. Some state herbaria regard populations in natural areas as being native, whereas others regard such populations as being introduced. Cynodon dactyloC. Rumputnya berwarna hijau-kelabu, tumbuh pendek hingga 2–15 cm dengan tepi yang kasar. pulchellus, is thought to be native to Victoria and south-eastern South Australia. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine. Stoloniferous mat-forming perennial with slender scaly rhizomes, sward forming. New South Wales: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast, (Simon, 1993). One variety, Cynodon dactylon var. Slopes, Central-Western Slopes, South-Western Slopes, North-Western Plains, C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. dactylon), [2006] pulchellus), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & Plant stoloniferous, rooting at the nodes. Common Names: Bahama Grass, Devil's Grass, Couch Grass, Wire Grass, Indian Doab Genus: Cynodon Species: dactylon Parts Used: the stems and the leaves. South. Poaceae . dactylon (L.) Pers. Florets. Bermuda grass originally came from the savannas of Africa and is the common name for all the East African species of Cynodon. This species is very widely distributed throughout the world (including in large parts of Australia), and its exact origin is unknown. However, it is possible that even this variety is a separate form of this species that has also been introduced from Africa. keeled, 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. endemic. Documented as allelopathic, capable of reducing the germination and growth of other species. variety: Cynodon dactylon var. Central Australia North, Central Australia Burke, Burnett, Cook, Darling Downs, Gregory North, Leichhardt, Maranoa, A forage resource for milk cattle in areas where the soil is not suitable for growing crops such as maize or soyabean. Australian The disease is distributed across all states and mainland territories of Australia, and is found worldwide wherever the host plant is present. dactylon & 350, var. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. Cynodon dactylon. Queensland, New South However, the most recent research suggests that even the "native" forms present in northern Australia probably came from a very early (i.e. Cynodon dactylon var. Quantitative traits such as seed yield and forage yield can be dramatically negatively affected. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. in some areas; becomes dominant after heavy grazing of native pasture on soils General Information Cynodon dactylon is a short-lived, prostrate, perennial grass that creeps along the ground and roots wherever a node touches the ground, quickly forming a dense mat. Synonymy: Panicum dactylon L., Sp. dactylon in the hirsute rather than glabrous or sparsely hairy leaves, greyish colouration, larger lemma with keel cilia three times as long and hairy sub-margins, and longer rachilla extension. It has fine texture dark green lanced-shaped leaves that turn brown when dormant. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. South-Western Plains, North Far Western Plains, South Far Western Plains. Inflorescence digitate, spikes 2-7, spikelets green to purple. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1150 m. Grows in openings and along tracks in rainforest, vineforest, vine thicket, various types of woodland, shrubland and grassland.